Iran: More than 760,000 people around the world calling for UN investigative mechanism on Iran

Amnesty International said today that more than 760,000 people in 218 countries and territories have added their voices to calls for an independent United Nations mechanism to investigate as a step towards accountability for the most serious crimes under international law committed in Iran.

On November 2, Nozanin Boniadi, a British-Iranian artist and ambassador of the British Amnesty International, brought the people’s demand for immediate action by the United Nations Human Rights Council to the United Nations authorities in New York. National Amnesty International organizations around the world have also sent appeals to their foreign ministries.

“The people of Iran continue to protest courageously and demand an end to widespread repression and the establishment of a political system that respects equality and protects human rights. Will the member states of the United Nations Human Rights Council respond to the outcry of the people in Iran and activists around the world to urgently establish an international mechanism for the crimes committed by the Iranian authorities?” said the director of Amnesty International for the Middle East and North Africa Heba Morayef.

“The failure of the international community to act has led Iranian authorities to escalate their illegal use, including lethal force, against protesters since the protests began on September 16, killing more than 200 people, including 30 children. The United Nations Human Rights Council should immediately convene a special session on Iran to prevent further crimes against international law and violations of human rights, including extrajudicial killings, torture and other ill-treatment of all persons arbitrarily detained since the authorities’ crackdown on protests. .”

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Last week, 10 United Nations experts, including the special rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Iran, asked the Human Rights Council to act urgently, including in a special session by establishing an international investigation mechanism on Iran. This call is supported by Amnesty International and 42 other human rights organizations. The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Germany announced that Germany supports the call for a special session to establish a UN mechanism regarding Iran.

Periods of brutal protest bloodshed

The Iranian authorities’ violent crackdown on ongoing protests in Iran following the death of Mahsa (Jina) Amini on September 16, 2022, is the latest in a series of attacks by Iranian authorities against people expressing legitimate grievances in Iran. Iran from December 2017 to January 2018. Emboldened by the severe impunity, the authorities have since continued with waves of mass protests, including in November 2019, January 2020, July 2021, August 2021, November 2021 and May 2022. militarized response.

Will member states of the UN Human Rights Council respond to the cries of people in Iran and activists around the world…?

Heba Morayef, Amnesty International

Amnesty International has previously documented crimes under international law and serious human rights violations by the Iranian authorities, including extrajudicial killings following the unjustified use of lethal force, arbitrary mass arrests and detentions, enforced disappearances, torture and other ill-treatment and sentencing of individuals. to long prison terms or death after unfair trials.

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Iranian authorities have ignored repeated calls from the international community to open a criminal investigation into the extrajudicial killings that have taken place in the context of protests since December 2017. Instead, they tried to destroy evidence of their crimes while persecuting survivors and victims’ relatives who called. truth, justice and reparation.

To break this deadly cycle, a UN mechanism should be established urgently with the mandate to investigate the facts and circumstances related to crimes under international law and serious violations of human rights by the Iranian authorities to suppress successive nationwide protests from December 2017 to January . 2018 protests for accountability purposes.

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People from around the world called for the creation of an independent UN investigative mechanism from UN countries, including Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Canada, Egypt, France, Italy, Germany, India, Iran, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand , Nigeria, South Africa, Sweden, Taiwan, Turkey and beyond.

Amnesty International previously revealed how Iran’s top military authorities ordered armed forces in all provinces to deal with protesters following the death of Mahsa (Jina) Amini after she was arrested by Iranian “morality” police. they went out to the streets during the detention, to make “violent resistance”. continuously arbitrarily arresting women who do not comply with the country’s abusive and discriminatory veiling laws. The organization has also repeatedly documented the widespread and unjustified use of lethal force and firearms by Iranian security forces who either intended to kill protesters or should have known with reasonable certainty that the use of firearms would result in their deaths.

Last week, Iranian security forces intensified their illegal use of force, using live ammunition, metal bullets and tear gas against protesters and protesters who had gathered in at least four provinces, including Kurdistan, West Azerbaijan, Kermanshah and Luristan.


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