China tops U.S. for first time in this ranking of world’s ‘best’ universities

China has overtaken the US in a major ranking of the world’s best universities.

Among the 2,000 schools from more than 90 countries ranked by US News & World Report, 338 Chinese universities made the list, compared to 280 American universities. This is the first time that China has surpassed the US

The results of these media were published in Tuesday’s “Best World Universities” ranking. The USA and China are followed by Japan (105 universities), Great Britain (92) and India (81).

The media launched its rankings in 2014 as more universities competed for students as well as faculty and research investment. The ranking is based on a number of parameters, including research reputation, publications, conferences and citations. Results of individual students and programs are not included.

The report notes that although China has overtaken the US by 58 places, the majority of US universities are in the top half of the ranking, including 8 of the top 10.

Here is the overall list of the top 10:

  1. Harvard University (USA)

  2. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA)

  3. Stanford University (USA)

  4. University of California-Berkeley (USA)

  5. University of Oxford (UK)

  6. University of Washington-Seattle (USA)

  7. Columbia University (USA)

  8. University of Cambridge (UK)

  9. California Institute of Technology (USA)

  10. John Hopkins University (USA)

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The report added four new topics to its 43 rankings: artificial intelligence; teaching and educational research; meteorology and atmospheric sciences; and water resources. “They’re hot fields right now, and there’s a lot of interest at various levels,” said Robert Morse, chief data strategist at US News, in an email to MarketWatch.

Among the top 10 AI schools, five were from mainland China; Carnegie Mellon of the USA also took a high place. »

While public health concerns and pandemic-related travel restrictions have partly led to a sharp drop in numbers over the past two years, rising tensions between the two countries have also prompted Chinese students to increasingly seek alternatives both in China and outside the US. . options.

International student enrollment at American colleges and universities peaked in the 2015-2016 academic year and has since declined, according to the Institute of International Education, citing visa concerns, competition from other countries with better access to work visas, and stronger social and political ties. . relations between China and other countries.

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Here are the top 10 universities in Asia:

  1. Tsinghua University (China)

  2. National University of Singapore (Singapore)

  3. Nanyang Technological University (Singapore)

  4. Peking University (China)

  5. Chinese University of Hong Kong (China)

  6. University of Hong Kong (China)

  7. King Abdulaziz University (Saudi Arabia)

  8. University of Tokyo (Japan)

  9. Shanghai Jiao Tong University (China)

  10. Zhejiang University (China)

Artificial intelligence is one of several areas that both the US and China see as national strategic priorities. The Biden administration signed the National AI Initiative Act of 2020 into law in 2021, which aims to advance US leadership in the field.

“The world’s leading powers are rushing to develop and implement new technologies, such as artificial intelligence and quantum computing, that can shape everything in our lives – from where we get our NG00 energy.
+1.51%,
about how we do our work, about how wars are fought,” State Secretary Antony Blinken said last year.

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“We want America to maintain our scientific and technological superiority because that is essential to our progress in the 21st century economy,” Blinken said last year in a speech at a technology summit.

Among the top 10 AI schools, five were from mainland China, including Tsinghua University, which ranked No. 1. Carnegie Mellon University is the best US college for AI research, ranked 12th on the list. China is also a leader in other science disciplines, including nanoscience, nanotechnology, polymer science, engineering, and physical chemistry.

Fewer Chinese students have attended US colleges since the coronavirus pandemic. From January to September 2022, 52,034 Chinese nationals received F-1 visas, down from 95,518 during the same period in 2019, according to the US State Department. The F-1 visa is used by international students to obtain a degree or academic certificate in the US

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